King James Bible 1611 Margin Notes †
here are 7,342 margin notes in the 1611 King James Bible, and many of these give us an insight into the work of the KJV Translators and the extraordinary task they undertook over just a few short years.
Ways in which the margin notes are useful:
- The margin notes shed light on obscure passages
- The meaning of the names of Bible characters is often of interest
- The meaning of some biblical terms are defined (such as Bethel, meaning house of God)
- It reveals that Bible translation work is not as simple and straightforward as some people imagine
- It illustrates the absurdity of never deviating from translating in a literal fashion. The notes for a verse that illustrates this vividly is Genesis 25:28, where "he did eat of his venison" in literal Hebrew would have been "venison was in his mouth" according to the margin notes.
- The famous phrase "rock of ages" is not found in the text of the KJV, but rather in the margin note at Isaiah 26:4.
- The very last margin note in the 1611 was a typo at Rev. 20:13. For the word hell in the text, it had the margin note "Or, hell. This note was intended for the publisher"
- There are no notes for the entire book of Philemon.
- At least 9 entire verses were rewritten in margin notes.
- There are 6,565 margin notes in the OT, and 777 in the NT, for a total of 7,342 margin notes.
WARNING FROM THE TRANSLATORS
Many of the margin notes reveal many instances where the KJV translators were forced to interpret as part of their translation work. The KJV translators were not always certain that they had made the correct interpretation, and hence the margin note. In the preface of the 1611 they explained that we should not dogmatize on the basis of their interpretation:
…it hath pleased God in his divine providence, here and there to scatter words and sentences of that difficulty and doubtfulness, not in doctrinal points that concern salvation, (for in such it hath been vouched that the Scriptures are plain) but in matters of less moment … in such a case, doth not a margin do well to admonish the Reader to seek further, and not to conclude or dogmatize upon this or that peremptorily? … They that are wise, had rather have their judgments at liberty in differences of readings, than to be captivated to one, when it may be the other.
The notes indicate a desire on the part of the KJV translators to be very accurate and as literal as possible, in part because they sometimes noted matters where the departure from the original language was very slight. However, at other times some departures may seem surprising, such as when their notes reveal that they left out "spirit" in Genesis 7:22. The object of the margin notes is usually to expand the meaning of a single word or short phrase. In some cases, lengthy phrases or in rarer cases an entire verse is rewritten in the margin. The margin notes reveal some italics were inconsistent (though perhaps they should be considered vindicated by the content of the margin notes).
The notes do not include the cross-references from the margins, nor the chapter headings. The notes of the Apocrypha were also not included. To make the notes more user-friendly, they were recreated in modern spelling. When an archaic word in the notes was not recognized, the spelling was left "as is."
The text of 1611 used the symbols † and || in the text to indicate the word or the start of a phrase for which there is a margin note. In the KJV 1611, the † symbol was used when the margin displayed a more literal Hebrew meaning. A || symbol was used to express another way in which the underlying Hebrew could be translated. The notes themselves in the Old Testament start with the abbreviation Heb. for Hebrew and "or" to designate alternative translations. On a few occasions the notes are preceded by "i." or "That is," instead. In some rare cases it was obvious that the † and || symbol should have been moved back a word or two. (i.e., 2 Kings 8:29, first margin note, 2 Chronicles 32:6, etc) "&c." was replaced with the more modern "etc."
† This article was paraphrased from the Literatura Bautista website. The notes listed in the original article are very useful but unfortunately their margin note references contain frequent errors.
- Bible Preface
- Bible Speech
- Bible Title Page
- Bible Margin Notes
- Bible History
- Hampton Court
- The Translators
- The King's Instructions
- Great Fire of London
- The Textus Receptus
- The Masoretic Text